Blepharoplasty in modern cosmetology is a required operation that can change the shape of the eyelids, perform eye cuts, tighten the eyelids, and eliminate many cosmetic blemishes in this area of the face.
The procedure involves removing excess fat deposits and the skin of the eyelids. Particularly popular is transconjunctival blepharoplasty, which allows you to get rid of fatty hernias with minimal loss, i. e. , without affecting the skin.
Like all cosmetic procedures, eyelid blepharoplasty has a number of indications:
- the protruding skin of the eyelids (upper and lower);
- "fat bags" around the eyes;
- "aging" eyelid; The lower corner of the eye
- ptosis (ptosis), as a result of which its shape changes: the incision is significantly reduced;
- "heavy" eyelids (tired look).
Age-related changes affect the timestamp of the eyelids fairly early, as the skin around the eyes is very sensitive and tender. After 30 years, many people think of eyelid blepharoplasty as the only rescue from sagging and greasy deposits in this area. Someone does not dare to take this step out of ignorance and fear. And this is completely futile: the procedure is safe, effective, and, if properly implemented, has minimal negative consequences. You just need to know it better. True, there are several types of blepharoplasty, each with its own characteristics.
In modern cosmetology, different types of blepharoplasty are distinguished.
1. Upper eyelid correction
For many, blepharoplasty of the upper eyelid becomes a real salvation, the main goal of which is to get rid of the overhang. The surgery is performed through a skin incision along the crease of the upper eyelid. Removes excess skin. At the request of the patient, muscle plastic surgery can be performed immediately to remove excess fat.
2. Correction of the lower eyelids
The most popular type is blepharoplasty of the lower eyelids, which eliminates edema, hernias, bags under the eyes. An almost invisible seam runs along the edge of the lashes. This surgery is called transcutaneous or subcilial blepharoplasty by doctors. If the doctor chooses a transconjunctival procedure, an incision is made on the inside of the eyelid. This is possible if you need to redistribute or remove the fatty tissue around the eyes and it is not necessary to remove the skin lids. This type of blepharoplasty is most commonly used in young patients.
3. Circular blepharoplasty
Circular blepharoplasty involves the simultaneous correction of the lower and upper eyelids.
4. Laser blepharoplasty
Today, many cosmetology clinics offer an excellent alternative to surgical eyelid lift, which is a laser blepharoplasty of various devices. It does not require cutting or sewing. The doctor checks the depth of the laser penetration and the rate of heating of the epidermis. As a result, tissue damage and rehabilitation are minimized. The technology safely and effectively stimulates the production of new collagen and elastin, thereby achieving a lifting effect. The procedure takes about 30 minutes, is easily tolerated, does not require anesthesia, and does not cause hematoma formation. Only non-surgical blepharoplasty can boast minimal side effects.
In addition, professional beauticians may offer correction of the shape of the Asian eye to create a Caucasian crease. You can have plastic surgery to remove the exophthalmos (the effect of bulging eyes), the cantopexia (raising the lower eyelid to eliminate the sad expression on the eye). The question of how safe such drastic eyelid rejuvenation procedures are is of interest to any woman who needs blepharoplasty: complications are possible after almost every cosmetic procedure.
Postoperative side effects depend primarily on the type of eyelid surgery chosen: complications can be early (occurring immediately after surgery) and late steps.
- After blepharoplasty, edema on the face lasting more than a week: blurred vision, headache may accompany them.
- Bleeding due to a small subcutaneous hematoma (blood flowing out of the damaged vessel under the epidermis) that is stopped by stabbing or suturing the blood vessel. In this case, scars, seals, subcutaneous nodules may remain.
- Bleeding can result from a hematoma if a large vessel is damaged when blood accumulates behind the eyeball. This complication is accompanied by pain, bulge of the eyeball, and limited mobility of the eyelid. Threatens glaucoma or temporary vision loss.
- Turning the lower eyelid outwards, excessive "opening" of the eye, drying out. In this case, special exercises are prescribed, massage to train the circular muscles of the eye. Sometimes supportive sutures are used and surgery is possible.
- An infection that requires antibiotic therapy.
- Detached seams cause reattachment.
- Cysts form that sometimes disappear on their own, otherwise they will be removed by a professional.
- Rupture due to narrowing of the tear ducts.
- Unpleasant feelings of the "hot" eye.
- Keratoconjunctivitis is dry (simultaneous inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea).
- Blepharoptosis (sagging of the upper eyelid).
All of the listed complications of eyelid blepharoplasty require further therapy and repeated intervention by physicians. For this reason, however, a useful and important operation that restores youth should not be left out. Blepharoplasty effectively and in a short time solves the most painful problems: it eliminates adipose tissue and excess skin around the eyes, reduces the manifestations of age-related changes, performs plastic surgery on the muscles of this part of the face, changes the shape and shape of the eyes, . With such indicators, it is a sin not to take advantage of the unique opportunity to give your eyes a second youth and the freshness of radiance.